1, a wet fresh untreated seeds sown directly.
2, the spring sowing, the seeds should be soaked in warm dry 43 degrees in two days, and then mixed wet sand (sand humidity hand clenched into a group dispersed, but no drop out for good. Too dry stratification is not complete, too wet and easy moldy seeds.), at low temperatures the product layer of 1-5 degrees for 30 days, once a week to check the moisture of sand, proper mixing of the inner layer of the outer layer of dry and proper hydration. Avoid over-done wet. Liezui about 30% of the seeds can be planted.
3, the use of natural stratification were autumn, the seeds were sown in December-January before late autumn, next spring emergence.
Establish two meters wide seedbed, dug ditches, loose seedbed, remove large clods, can exert a certain amount of time sorting seedbed seedbed organic fertilizer at the bottom, which will help the late seedling emergence robust growth. Built seedbed can be planted, according to their own conditions to adjust the seeding number, the more beneficial the more sparse seedling but difficult to manage, the more intense the more easy to manage, but seedlings too crowded, easy to wear and tear. Sowing depth of about 1cm appropriate. After sowing irrigated. Shed conducive to build plastic insulation moisture, improve seedling rate. Timely replenishment to maintain a certain humidity seedbed about 15 days to the Qi Miaozai.
Maple bonsai production and conservation
Maple Acer palmatum aka purple, red duck, for Aceraceae Maple is a deciduous shrub or tree, is a variant of Acer palmatum, and about 10 meters height, canopy or umbrella opened, Laogan chap, taupe, twigs skin smooth and moist, opposite, with long-handled, palmate leaves, seven lobed, lobes deep middle or more blades, leaf color purple. Purple flowers composed Corymb clustered at the top branches with long-handled, flower lip, flowering in May, September-October fruit ripening. Another red feather maple, its plant is short, thin, drooping branches, leaves year-round purple, there are 7-11 parted, deeply lobed leaf margin serration as a feather, can also be used to make bonsai.
Maple reproduction available Seifu, Acer palmatum, Acer truncatum and other rootstock, vigorous plant growth during the summer to budding or grafting methods rely on access. Rootstock can use a 2-4 year old seedlings, growth can also be used for many years, the antique rustic old pile germination two years old branches. Grafting plants can germinate in the spring before transplanting, after transplanting irrigated in bright light at the conservation, water regularly to maintain high air humidity, Shi steady after the plants alive once every 20-30 days maturity of the thin liquid fertilizer to promote their growth.
Maple tree stumps can be made according to the shape of a straight dry, dry oblique, curved dry, waterfront style, cliff-type and other forms of bonsai; together several strains can be planted in a pot made of double dry, three dry style, jungle and other forms of bonsai, bonsai when making jungle to choose the level and sizes grouping plants planted, and with rocks, moss, and other accessories to show “Maple drunk dyed” mood. Because of its large leaves, canopy made of clouds or clouds should not like, can be trimmed to the level of coordination, chic and elegant natural style. Modeling methods to trim the main coil bundle supplemented, for some branches can be pulled to make it reasonable layout. Maple bonsai is appropriate white stone basin, green-glazed pots, yellow purple pots, pots and leaves without appropriate to similar red or purple.
Maple hi warm and humid environment with plenty of sunshine and soft, fear sun exposure, not drought. Growing season can be placed without direct sunlight conservation, particularly to avoid the western exposure; summer heat but also to prevent sun exposure, can be placed under the shade of other plants shed or shade, otherwise it would Kujiao leaves fall off. Regular watering to keep the soil moist, but not water, to avoid rot, dry air would like watering the plants and the surrounding environment in order to increase air humidity, so that leaves moist. Growing season applied once every 15 days maturity of the thin liquid fertilizer or fertilizer, when the summer heat or rain should stop fertilizing. P and K fertilizer solution should be based, nitrogen, supplemented, if not red leaf P and K deficiency causes. Southern region can be sheltered sunny outdoor pots buried in the winter at the north preferably not less than 0 ° C
Cold indoor winter, do not fertilize and do not pour too much water, keep the soil does not dry. Maple is the best time to grow new Ye Gang, to increase the ornamental, in June and September each year to conduct a pick leaves, before picking leaves fertilizer applied once a week, after picking the leaves of the plants should be pruned, and to strengthen the management of water and fertilizer, can grow to about 15 days the role of fresh leaves. If the blades are hot sun scorched available in August will focus leaves removed, placed in ventilated cool half shade, applied once weekly weak solution of NPK fertilizer, it will not be long before the new leaves grow red. Affect tree growth should be promptly removed and leaves bore air and light, when the new leaves germination starts topping note to trigger fine young shoots, so that leaves small and dense, with high ornamental. Every 2-3 years, in the spring before germination Huanpen Pentu require fertile loose, rich in humus, humus 2 copies available, mix 1 part sand after use.
Maple potted planting
1, there must be a bright light, but not exposure. Noon to shade in summer.
2, keep the soil moist, often spray the entire plant. Drainage is better to be able to promptly poured water outflow. If the root system is full, wait until after the winter leaves, spring leaves before another big point of the basin. Soil should be loose and fertile.
3, dark red maple leaves gradually turn green when they grow up. To fall, will turn orange-red, and then leaves.
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