Cultivation techniques Spacing Exposed to plant roses, root system, rapid growth, robust plants, flowers micro large high ornamental value, while managing to select cultivation measures, depending on the type, growth habits and geographical conditions, planting density upright varieties of 75 cm x75 cm expansion varieties spacing of 100 cm x100 cm, vertical spacing of 40 cm breed naturally x50 cm, rattan species x200 cm spacing of 200 cm. Rose planted a spacing of 50 to 100 cm, depending on the size and needs of the seedlings may be. Soil Open field cultivation to choose higher ground, plenty of sunlight, air circulation, slightly acidic soil. When plowing land cultivation and applied into organic fertilizer base fertilizer. Potted rose is appropriate humus rich and slightly acidic fertile sandy soil, not with alkaline soil. In the spring before new leaves sprout every year to replace a basin, in order to facilitate its vigorous growth, for soil helps when flowering season. You can use a variety of materials rose planting pots, earthen pot naturally also possible. It should be noted formulated into nutrient soil drainage, ventilation, and various nutrient mix. Its proportions are garden soil: leaf mold: Longkang gray = 5: 3: 2. Before and after the annual winter for repotting, repair roots, soil replacement, gradually increase the diameter pots, mud earthen pot better. Illumination Rose hi light, during the growing season have plenty of sunshine, there must be at least 6 hours or more a day of light, otherwise, not only long flowering foliage, even end up buds, after flowering color is not brilliant nor incense. Watering To rose water is a luxurious, to do see dry see wet, do not quit pouring, pouring drenched. Rose afraid of flooding, the basin can not have water, water Big Easy rot. Summer season to pouring water a day, you can see the basin water when the surface white. Winter dormant period must be less watering, keep-dry can be. Rose water varies depending on the season, the winter dormant period to keep the soil moist, not dry on the line. Before the onset of spring branches, foliage growth, due to increase of water, water pouring 1 day sooner or later. In the growing season and the need to increase the amount of water flowering, summer temperatures, increased evaporation of water, the plant in a weak semi-dormant, very sensitive to dehydration, pouring water twice daily, avoid sun exposure. When hot water, a small amount of water each watering should be oozing from the pelvic floor, indicating that it has drenched, when watering not to splash water on the leaves, to prevent disease. Wintering If the family has to keep warm in winter conditions, the temperature is preferably maintained at 18 ° C or more, and have more than six hours of light a day. If no precautionary measures, then any of its natural dormancy. To the beginning of winter season, until after the leaves fall off, leaving only five centimeters each twig branches, more than 5 cm cut all the branches, and then save the pots placed around 0 ° C in the shade, the basin should do some partial, but not over done, to prevent dry out and die. Fertilize Hi rose fertilizer. Potted rose to ground fertilizer during the growing season, to ten days pouring a light fertilizer. No matter what kind of fertilizer to use, remember not to excess, to prevent fertilizer damage, injury saplings. However, the winter dormant period not fertilization. Rose hi fat, basal delayed effectiveness of organic fertilizer, such as rotten cow manure, chicken, cake, diesel and so on. Add liquid fertilizer once every half water, energy and preserve leaves hypertrophy, dark green and shiny. Early spring before germination, fertilizer can be applied to a darker, no fertilization in flowering note, a liquid fertilizer can Zaishi June after the flowers fade, Zaishi moderate fertilizer fourth time in September or fifth axillary buds will be sent, 12 month period of dormancy decomposition of organic fertilizer applied winter. Winter plowing can be applied to human waste or sprinkle decomposed manure, and then turned into the soil, growing to ground fertilization, after the flowers fade fertilizer applied 1-2 times available fertilizer. Fertilizer should be applied thin high temperature and drought, the last time before winter fertilizer applied before fertilization should also note the timely removal of weeds. Prune To cut after flowering buds withered. When the early rose buds, bud picking a good shape to stay, and the rest will be cut. The purpose is for each branch, leaving only a bud, the future was full of beautiful flowers, large and fragrant flowers. Quarterly finish must be fully trimmed after a period spent. Generally mild pruning should be timely and thin stray cut open, cross, overlapping branches, leaving thick, young shoots from the base since leaving only 3-6 cm, leaving the outside lateral buds, trimmed into shape naturally happy, so beautiful individual plant prolong flowering. In addition, potted roses to choose to spend more and aroma dwarf varieties. Summer pruning is to cut off the main rootstocks Meng Xue branches of flowers, leaves and pruning after flowering sparse to stray and unwanted buds, reducing the consumption of nutrients for the next flowering create good conditions. For the plant type appearance, on long sticks can cut 1/3 or half, cut in 1/3 sticks, 1 cm above the blade diagonally cut, if too light pruning, plant height will be longer, the longer branches the finer, more open smaller flowers. Winter pruning and planting varieties with the purpose for which to stay when repair branches, and pay attention to the overall plant morphology, flower varieties should stay 4-6 branches, 30-45 cm long and strong students selected side shoots, cut its upper branches , trailing vine varieties or places sparse to old techniques, pruning weak branches, diseased branches and trunk-based cultivation. Ventilation Whether or balcony garden cultivation cultivation, must pay attention to ventilation. Ventilated, rose to robust growth, but also to reduce pests and diseases. Temperature Rose likes the warm and cool climate, fear of high temperatures. The most suitable temperature is 18-28 ° C, when the temperature exceeded 32 ° C, the flower bud differentiation will be inhibited. So, in the high temperatures of summer, rose usually do not bloom, even with a small amount of flowers, than at room temperature to be far less. At high temperatures can put pots shift in the conservation of the environment cool.