Customers need to pay attention to transplanting seedlings season:
South can choose walnut leaves after October until May the following year are the best planting time . Deciduous plants are walnut , walnut leaves into hibernation after the walnut tree , this time walnut on the water , nutrients are not absorbed , then transplanting survived very favorable. The northern region can only select Spring planting , since the northern cold weather , you can not grow any plant on land after the winter freeze . Can only wait until 3–5 months, depending on local weather conditions, planting , after surviving the winter should also make antifreeze and other treatment.
Sapling planting methods:
Because walnut tree is a ” fleshy ” root , root sprout vitality. Therefore , the ground without digging up tree hole , direct planting can. Just dig slope length × width × depth = 40 cm × 40× 40 cm ( if the soil is thin , digging difficulties, but also can be dug into the 30 cm depth ) of the hole can be planted. When Zaimiao , seedlings can be placed in a bucket , the bucket put half a bucket of water ( up to drown the roots ) , with the plant with the check.
Specifically hydroponics is : a man removed walnut trees, rhizosphere down , planted in tree cavity , one spade will fine soil ( if the soil was big clods can Zacheng fine grained soil ) , slowly into the tree Cave , when the earth was put tree cavity volume accounted for 80 % of saplings planted stand one person poppet several times up and down the trees to make full contact with the soil rhizosphere , and then continue to put soil until the soil with the ground level, with gently step foot circle around the base of trees . Then slowly to the Cave watering ( per hole depending on the size of soil moisture , watering from 5 to 10 kg ) , until the water infiltration into the soil , to continue casing to level with the ground , that planting is completed.
Walnut seedlings Pruning:
The use of open-center pruning , its stem height of 1 to 1.5 meters, the train into 2-3 big round crown -shaped main branch happy . Hybrid walnut new line as a result of early, collateral and strong results , should be promptly retracted perennial Jieguomuzhi to increase the results of branch thick , thinning diseased branches , twigs , weak branches , crossing branches , overlapping branches , closely spaced branches , parallel branches drooping branches and the like. Cutting back branches Wang Chi , for the short fruit should not be cutting back , in order to achieve a reasonable distribution of all kinds of branches , balanced growth .
[ Hull thickness ]: 1 mm
Dried fruit [ Weight] : 14 g
[ Production time: 3 years after planting
[ Rich ] Yield : 800-1000 kg
8518 Nuts Technical indicators superior. 8518 Walnut nuts nearly round (rare oval ) , smooth surface, less pitting ; about 1 mm thick shell ( this thickness most commodity value , thick kernel is low ; thin frangible unable to transport) , and to take whole kernel , kernel rate 63.8% ; Ren light color (ren color the more light , less astringency ) , flavor, aroma, taste good. Resistant storage . At room temperature, the quality walnut nuts can be stored for one year unchanged .
8518 Walnut highly precocious . Year seedlings, was part of the flowering fruit . 200 kg per mu for three years. Walnuts every year resulting into the high yield of the first five years into the flourishing time, relatively barren hillside per-mu yield 600-800 pounds, good water and fertilizer conditions , management in place up to 1000 kilograms per mu , the species adaptability , high yield, resistant to insect pests, resistance to frost, cold, drought , water logging , poor resistance, particularly high yield , wide adaptability.
[ Variety ] full name : Hong Ling walnut
[ ] Hull thickness : 0.9-1 mm
Dried fruit [ Weight] : 12 g
[ Production time: 3 years after planting
[ Rich ] Yield : 600-800 kg
[ Variety ] Introduction : the second year after grafting results , 3–4 years to start production , tree growth moderation, alma mater branches strong, ( 1 : 5.5 ) , fruiting power than 90.4 %, lateral flower bud rate 81.7% the results of the branch average 6 cm , thickness 0.8 cm , with the main spur result , the average fruit set per fruit branch 1.3 , higher fruit set. Shandong Province is rich in period , the conservative yield per plant is generally 8-12 pounds pounds, management and better water and fertilizer can produce 12-15 kg under specific production related to management and geographical conditions for intensive close planting .
Moderate grower , Shuzi upright , cylindrical crown , branches strong, twice the growth . Hung, medium-maturing varieties , planting the second year results, five years into the flourishing time , if the close planting high-yield cultivation , scientific management, yield up to extremely heavy . Fruiting rate of 85.7% , fruit side strain rate of 88.9% , average fruit per fruiting branches 1.6 . Nut oblong . Fruit weight 9.5 ~ 15.4 g, shell surface smooth , flat seams , easy to crack, take benevolence easily , shelling percentage of 61.2% . Nucleolus light color , plump nuts, high yield performance. The varieties suitable for forest crop intercropping and planting mountain terrace edge . When the soil is thin , dry areas and strong volume too much, the nut smaller .
Nuts, round , fruit-based flat, top fruit micro-tip , longitudinal diameter 3.94 cm , 3.29 cm diameter , Hong Ling walnut varieties average weight of 12 grams of nuts . Shell surface is smooth and beautiful , yellow , sutures narrow and flat , linked closely together, shell thickness of 0.9 mm , Hong Ling walnut varieties preferable the whole kernel . nucleolar enrich full , flavor not astringent , Hong Ling walnut kernel rate of 65.4% . Nucleolus 65.5% fat content , protein content of 21.6% , 65.8% fat , carbohydrates 9.8%, Vb1 0.5mg, Vb2 0.08mg, Jen color yellow , excellent flavor , no astringency. Hong Ling walnut varieties superior quality nuts .
Tree more prosperous , more upright tree crown semicircle . Hong Ling walnut varieties branches strong , branches, pith small heart .
Mixed bud nearly round , large and away from the students , there are buds seat . Lateral mixing bud ratio of 81.7 percent , Hong Ling walnut more than female twins , fruit setting rate of 60 %. The results of early graft survival rate is high , the second year after grafting results , 3 to 4 years male , male first type . Suitable tree trunk sparse layer shape , should pay attention to deal with drooping branches and Mother Shoots retraction of the trim . If suitable intercropping grain density of 4 m × 8 m, horticulturists suitable density of 3 m × 3 m . Germination in late March , the male flowering in mid- April, the female flowers in late April . Hong Ling walnut in late August nuts mature. Hong Ling walnut varieties than drought , strong resistance to black spot , suitable for good water conditions in soil and fertilizer bluestone mountain cultivation Hong Ling walnut seedlings.
Hong Ling walnut case of precocious class , its branches strong results early , easy pumping raw secondary branches , resulting in tree disorder , often with evacuation stratified
Tree . In addition to cultivate good pruning the main collateral , should also timely control of secondary branches and leggy branches , Thinning dense branches , handle the back of lower branches. Results of tree attention to the results Zhizu Rejuvenation using to weak to stay strong , the method of combining updates zoom Zhizu while Thinning dry twigs , worms branches , overlapping branches and thin branches .
Hong Ling walnut is a high yield and strong varieties. Medium-sized tree , Shuzi half opened , when the young trees grow more prosperous , the results of tree vigor and stability . Grafting trees bear fruit the second year , fruit set rate of 85%. New grafted seedlings planted flowering plants the second year rate of 60 % in the third year of flowering strain rate of 100% fruit period 600-800 kg per mu .
[ Full name ] varieties : 9818 Walnut
[ ] Hull thickness : 0.8 mm
Dried fruit [ Weight] : 15-18 g
[ Production time: 3 years after planting
[ Rich ] Yield : 800-1000 kg of dried fruit
[Introduction Variety ]: 1 adult tree 3.5 meters high -4 m , moderate grower , branches strong, real strong early , when part of the tree planting trees when there are results .
2. no case of female type , the results of branch belongs to spur type . Nuts prototype is slightly flat , shell thickness 0.6-0.8 mm , average weight 15-18 g , preferable the whole kernel , kernel rate above 65% , Ren light color , good taste .
3. The yield strong , nuclear No.1 crown three years into the high yield , five years into the rich , the production of per-mu yield 400-500 kilograms ( kg ) , manage to exceed jin . Yield reasons: First, the results not only peripheral but also bore result , two tree branches on the outcome of long hair no empty branches, the third is the result of adult trees and clusters of spike -like .
The resistance is strong. Drought resistance, barren , wind , hail , frost . Phlegm to black spot and there is a strong resistance to disease 5. Adaptability and Favorable wide variety planted areas in South and North can be planted , heavy loam , loam , sandy loam , sand, plains, slopes, hills and other soil thicker place particularly suitable. The coating thickness of 20 cm above the slopes to be whole ” fish-scale ” points planting.
Fruit is nearly circular ( slightly oval ) shell thickness 0.7-0.8 mm ( more than ” 8518 ” thin shell ) , pinching that is open , take Ren Yi .
As more than 65% , Ren light color yellow. Taste sweet, dry food almost no astringency , superior quality .
Crown nuclear main features: 1 , 15–18 grams of dried fruit , fruit weight . 8518 fruit weight 13 – 15 grams. 2 , thin 0.7–0.9mm, 8518 shell thickness of 1mm. As 65% . 8518 as the rate of 63.8% . 3, the resistance is very strong , almost no drop, high yield.
4 , after the yield per acre yield of 100 kilos higher than 8518 .
First, the quality is good: Fruit is nearly circular ( slightly oval ) shell thickness 0.7-0.8 mm ( more than ” 8518 ” thin crust ) ,
Pinching that is open , take Ren Yi . As more than 65% , Ren light color yellow. Taste sweet, dry food almost no astringency , superior quality .
Second, strong resistance : 1 , wind , the result is compact variety , stalk short , strong wind force , seven of the following wind had almost no fruit drop. 2 , sunscreen , its compound leaves many and close and long , covering walnut fruit surface , temperature 42 , the fruit without burning phenomenon. 3 , less fruit drop , five years tree , under normal circumstances , only 10 a few natural fruit drop , compared with more walnut varieties , fruit drop at least. 4 , frost , spring natural growth conditions , resistant to -3 sudden cold spell in spring ( late spring ) . Administration of company-specific drug resistant -5 cold . 5 , disease resistance, resistance to anthracnose strong force , but under condition ( not applied drugs) the incidence rate of 59 % or less, if the administration can be reduced to 0.5%.
The species can have a 3-year yield, middle management level , 50 kg per mu dried fruit ( kg ) or more. 5–6 -year tree to enter the high yield, yield 400-500 kg ( kilogram ) , ” 8518 ” yield more stable than , greater certainty .
First, the results of early : The original seed varieties when planting , then there is part of the flowering phenomenon ; flowering year after planting , the Ministry of
Points seedling fruit . Then grafted grafting can have flowering phenomenon ; planting seedlings flowering year , and some can fruit . After planting the original seed , grafted more than 80% the second year can be fruit . Early and significantly more than ” 8518 ” walnut early.
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